SAFe POPM Certification Exam Question and Answers 2023

safe popm exam questions and answers

Quick Overview:

  • Exam Name: SAFe POPM certification
  • Exam format: Multiple Choice Questions.
  • No. of Questions: 45
  • Exam Duration: 90 minutes
  • Passing Score: 77% and above

SAFe Product Owner/Product Manager(POPM) Certification Answers 2023

1. What are three elements of Agile Team capacity allocation that ensure a healthy balance of work? (Choose three.)

  • Free time for innovation
  • User Stories
  • Maintenance
  • Dependencies
  • Refactors
  • Severity-1 defects

2. Which two groups should attend every Iteration Review? (Choose two.)

  • Business Owners
  • The team’s Product Owner
  • Product Owners on dependent teams
  • The team’s Scrum Master
  • The team members’

3. How do SAFe Continuous Delivery Pipeline activities map to the teams’ work each Iteration within the Program Increment (PI)?

  • Each Iteration in the PI, teams are exploring, integrating, deploying, but releasing only occurs at the end of the PI
  • Features are explored in one PI, given to the teams in later PIs for integrating and deploying, and then released in a future PI
  • Early Iterations focus on exploring, the later Iterations focus on integrating and deploying, and releasing
  • Each Iteration in the PI, teams are exploring, integrating, deploying, and potentially releasing new value

4. Features are sized or split to fit what duration?

  • A Program Increment
  • A release
  • A Solution Epic
  • An Iteration

5. What are two strategies a Product Owner can use during Program Increment Planning to minimize dependencies?

  • Move Stories on their team’s backlog to another team
  • Split Stories to eliminate dependencies
  • Change the definition of done
  • Reprioritize Epics
  • Move teams to another Agile Release Train

6. What is one of the questions the Product Management team must answer in order to create a Vision?

  • What are the team’s skills
  • Which problem will the Solution solve
  • Which themes are on the Roadmap
  • How many Features have already been released to the Customer

7. What are three elements of INVEST?

  • Elegant
  • Simple
  • Nimble
  • Independent
  • Valuable
  • Testable

8. What are two ways in which the SAFe House of Lean might influence a Product Owner?

  • Help Agile Teams gain a clear understanding of their Customers
  • Write code when the Agile Team is facing a lot of work
  • Develop Roadmaps that guide future activities
  • Defer improvements so that the team can spend more time creating Stories
  • Collaborate with Agile Teams to develop Stories with clear acceptance criteria

9. A Product Owner is noticing that overall quality is starting to degrade. What might they do to address the problem?

  • Allocate more capacity to Enablers
  • Add a QA Iteration to address quality issues
  • Spend more time in PI Planning
  • Reinforce the definition of done

10. SAFe recommends separating deployment from release. What can help with this practice?

  • Manually test Features and nonfunctional requirements
  • Deploying to staging every 4 to 8 weeks
  • A staging environment that emulates testing
  • Hide all new functionality under Feature toggles

11. The recommended structure for writing User Stories is?

  • I want…, When…, So that…
  • Given…, When…., Then…
  • As a…, I want…, So that…
  • As a…, When…, Then…

12. When should a dependency be added to the program risks?

  • When it must be accepted
  • When it can be resolved
  • When an Enabler can fix it
  • When it can be deferred

13. What is an input to the Program Increment Planning process that highlights how Product Management plans to accomplish the Vision?

  • Program board
  • Business context
  • Top ten Features
  • Team Backlogs

14. What is the primary focus of an operational Value Stream?

  • Delivering end-user value
  • Orchestrating supply chain networks
  • Improving business operations
  • Lowering operational costs

15. During the Program Increment Planning meetings the Product Owner coordinates with other Product Owners, shared resources, and who else?

  • The Customer
  • The System Architect/Engineer
  • The Solution Train Engineer
  • Product Management

16. What does assigning business value to a team’s PI Objectives influence?

  • How the Kanban work in process limits are set
  • How teams plan the implementation
  • How often the teams deploy
  • How to achieve objectives

17. Why is the problem-solving workshop more effective than traditional lessons-learned documents?

  • It involves more participants
  • It makes improvements actionable through backlog items for the next Program Increment
  • Workshops are more engaging than document writing
  • Collaboration over documentation is a key recommendation of the Agile Manifesto

18. What is the purpose of Iteration Goals?

  • To align the team members and the Product Owner (PO) to the mission
  • To hold the team accountable to their goals
  • To ensure the team accomplishes all the committed Stories each Iteration
  • To provide the baseline required for measuring the team’s performance

19. What happens to improvement items identified during the Iteration Retrospective?

  • They are escalated to the Business Owners
  • They are ROAMed with the rest of the risks
  • They are given to the Scrum Master who resolves them
  • They are entered as Stories in the Team Backlog

20. Iteration Goals serve what purpose?

  • To align team members to a common purpose
  • To identify nonfunctional requirements
  • To define the what, the how, and the how much
  • To set preliminary PI Objectives

21. Who provides Agile Release Train context and Vision during PI Planning?

  • System Architect
  • Product Owner
  • Product Management
  • Business Owner

22. Who should attend the PO sync?

  • The Product Owners, Product Management, and other stakeholders as needed
  • The teams and the RTE
  • The scrum of scrums participants and the Product Owners
  • Everyone on the train

23. Product Management is expected to collaborate in planning the amount of upcoming Enabler work by establishing what?

  • Team Backlog prioritization
  • Capacity allocation
  • Completed Epic acceptance criteria
  • Accurate User Story sizing

24. How can Product Management leverage market rhythms?

  • Adjust the delivery of Features to better meet market needs
  • Adjust the timing of marketing campaigns
  • Improve the prioritization of Features
  • Improve the scheduling of Program Increment Planning

25. The first three elements of the Continuous Delivery Pipeline work together to support delivery of small batches of new functionality which are released in accordance with what?

  • Program Backlog prioritization
  • Release management governance
  • Operational support
  • Market needs

26. Which statement is true about WSJF?

  • The item with the highest cost of delay is prioritized first
  • It identifies minimum economic outcomes
  • It is equal to the cost of delay
  • It includes cost of delay and the unit of size

27. Communicating the Vision to the Agile Release Train during Program Increment Planning supports which SAFe Core Value?

  • Transparency
  • Alignment
  • Built-in Quality
  • Program Execution

28. Which two options are part of the SAFe Core Values?

  • Transparency
  • Decentralized control
  • Program execution
  • Innovation
  • Working software

29. What is a common anti-pattern related to System Demos?

  • Team demos are accepted in place of a System Demo to avoid redundancy
  • Different team members conduct the demo each Iteration
  • System demo takes more than 15 minutes
  • People from outside the Agile Release Train attend the System Demo

30. Which situation best indicates the presence of an innovation riptide?

  • When team and Agile Release Train innovations turn into portfolio-level strategic initiatives
  • When teams spend more than half their capacity on innovation
  • When the company’s Net Promoter Score exceeds 70% on Customer surveys
  • When innovations are presented during every System Demo

31. The SAFe definition of DevOps includes which three concepts?

  • The scale cube
  • Culture
  • Clear separation of responsibilities between Dev and Ops
  • Well-defined handoffs between Dev and Ops
  • Mindset
  • Technical practices

32. Which two statements are true about nonfunctional requirements? (Choose two.)

  • They are associated with backlogs at all four levels of SAFe
  • They operate as constraints on the design of the system
  • They provide visibility to large business initiatives
  • They stay in the Portfolio Backlog until implementation capacity is available
  • They are split into Features and acceptance criteria is established

33. Who typically participates as the train’s Business Owners to approve the team’s PI Objectives?

  • Product Owners
  • Product Management
  • Scrum Masters
  • System Architects

34. What are two inputs to the Vision? (Choose two.)

  • Customer feedback
  • Portfolio Enablers
  • Strategic Themes
  • Feature context
  • Portfolio Backlog

35. What are two benefits of Program Increment (PI) Objectives? (Choose two.)

  • To promote Business Agility by giving teams options on how they might deliver Features
  • To promote the achievement of business outcomes over the completion of Features
  • To provide a mechanism for organizing around value
  • To provide the proper allocation of capacity
  • To define when the Solution will be released

36. Features in Program Backlogs can result from what?

  • Refining the Team Backlog
  • Decomposing Enabler Stories
  • Decomposing Epics
  • Aggregating Stories into Features

37. What should PI Objectives be based on?

  • Business and technical goals or Progress towards the hypothesis
  • Fixed and variable Solution Intent
  • Customer complaints and feedback
  • Key performance indicators

38. What are the inputs to Program Increment (PI) Planning?

  • PI Objectives and the program board
  • Vision, Program Backlog, and top ten Features
  • Vision, top ten Features, program risks, and Story maps
  • Vision, Solution Roadmap, Program Backlog

39. Which statement describes the Scaled Agile Framework?

  • It scales Scrum to multiple Agile Teams
  • It provides guidelines for Project Managers
  • It provides strict guidelines for all daily activities
  • It synchronizes alignment, collaboration, and delivery for large numbers of teams

40. What are the Safe Core Value?

  • built-in quality
  • program execution
  • alignment
  • transparency

41. Which design-thinking tool is most likely to help an Agile Release Train (ART) during Program Increment (PI) Planning to ensure that the PI will deliver a Solution that is differentiated from competitive offerings?

  • Customer journey maps
  • Personas
  • Prototypes
  • Whole-product thinking

42. Which two responsibilities belong to the Product Owner? (Choose two.)

  • Accepting Features
  • Drafting Iteration Goals
  • Driving PI Objectives
  • Estimating Stories
  • Prioritizing the Team Backlog

43. Which two statements are true about the SAFe backlog model? (Choose two.)

  • Features are in the Program Backlog
  • Stories are in the Solution Backlog
  • Stories are in the Team Backlog
  • Capabilities are in the Program Backlog
  • Epics are in the DevOps Backlog

44. Product Management is responsible for which three activities? (Choose three.)

  • Defining Program Backlog content
  • Developing Story acceptance criteria
  • Prioritizing Capabilities and Enablers
  • Assigning Agile Release Trains to a common technological and Architectural Vision
  • Establishing Features and benefit hypotheses
  • Prioritizing Features for optimum economic value

45. Which two statements are true about estimating Features using Story points? (Choose two.)

  • Story point estimation is done on cadence during backlog refinement
  • User Stories can be estimated from the top-down
  • WSJF is the best way to estimate Stories
  • Story points are accurate and provide leadership data
  • More than one team may be involved in the estimation

46. What should be understood in order to achieve the goals of Release on Demand?

  • How to communicate the release cadence to Customers
  • How to release Solution elements in a large release
  • How to separate the release from the development cadence
  • How to rework the Solution to deliver all the value at once

47. Which three items are part of the Iteration Review agenda? (Choose three.)

  • Revise the Team Backlog as needed
  • Discuss Stories planned for the upcoming Iteration
  • Present the team’s quality Metrics
  • Demo and solicit feedback on each Story, spike, refactor, and nonfunctional requirement
  • Discuss Stories not completed and why
  • Choose the top improvement item to focus on next Iteration

48. What should a team do if they cannot meet their commitments?

  • Move what cannot be accomplished into uncommitted objectives
  • Review the objectives and reset them to fit what can be done
  • Deliver what the team can complete with open issues
  • Escalate immediately to the Product Owner

49. What is one way splitting User Stories supports flow and small batches?

  • By allowing testers to start writing test cases before development is finished
  • By enabling distributed teams to collaborate on the Architectural Runway
  • By ensuring each Story fits into an Iteration
  • By allowing Stories to be released before they meet the definition of done

50. Business Owners assign business value to the team PI Objectives to accomplish which two tasks? (Choose two.)

  • To estimate cost
  • To sequence dependencies
  • To clarify goals
  • To centralize control
  • To decentralize control

51. What are personas?

  • External customers that are on the product Roadmap
  • Strategic stakeholders that influence the backlog
  • Key end-users the Product Owner leverages for managing the backlog
  • Fictional characters that act as a representative user when discussing the backlog

52. What is the importance of the definition of done?

  • It prioritizes the work of testers on the team
  • It creates standardized work between all Agile Teams
  • It provides a way for Scrum Masters to enforce quality
  • It creates a clear understanding of when items are complete

53. Which function is responsible for ensuring that the Agile Release Train has the content needed to successfully engage in Program Increment Planning?

  • Release Train Engineer
  • Product Owner
  • Lean-Agile Center of Excellence
  • Product Management

54. What is one way Kanbans are used in SAFe?

  • To manage Program Increment (PI) Objectives
  • To manage nonfunctional requirements (NFRs) in the backlog
  • to manage queue length
  • To manage runway cadence

55. When should innovation activities be conducted by teams on the Agile Release Train?

  • Only when innovation Stories rise to the top of the backlog
  • Only during The Innovation and Planning Iteration
  • At a consistent time each day during the Iteration
  • Throughout the Program Increment

56. What are two primary responsibilities of Business Owners in Program Increment (PI) Planning? (Choose two.)

  • To create Lean business cases
  • to assign business value
  • To establish the PI budget
  • To ensure that team members plan all of their priorities
  • to set The business context

57. What are the minimum requirements for a Feature?

  • Benefit hypothesis, acceptance criteria, and priority
  • Acceptance criteria, data models, and priority
  • Name, benefit hypothesis, and acceptance criteria
  • Whatever the Agile Release Train determines is required

58. An organization is conducting their first Program Increment Planning session, and the new teams are asked to provide their capacity. Which three actions are part of the initial capacity planning process? (Choose three.)

  • Subtract one point for every team member’s vacation day, public holiday, or training day
  • Use eight points per person (adjust for part-time employees)
  • Compare final team capacity across all teams and make individual team adjustments
  • Add the points for all the recently completed Features and use that as a baseline for future capacity
  • Ensure Product Owner/Product Manager approval for all capacity adjustments based on time
  • Find a small story that takes about a day to develop and call it a one

59. Which statement is true about estimating and forecasting the Portfolio Backlog?

  • Feature estimates are rolled up into Epic estimates
  • Epic forecasting is based on the cost estimate
  • Refinement is necessary when estimating the effort needed to implement an Epic
  • WSJF is used to assign Epics to Value Streams

60. What two types of dependencies are commonly visualized on the program board? (Choose two.)

  • Dependencies between teams
  • Component dependencies
  • Dependencies related to Features
  • Dependencies on external suppliers
  • Epic dependencies

61. What is a recommended time horizon of the Program Increment Roadmap?

  • 2-4 years
  • 2 or more years
  • 1-3 years
  • Less than 1 year

62. What is one way to establish a team’s velocity?

  • Calculate the percentage planned versus actual Stories completed during an Iteration
  • Add the Story points for all the stories planned for the Iteration
  • Look at The average Story points completed from The last Iterations
  • Add the Story points for all Features completed in the Iteration

63. In the first step of SAFe’s Continuous Delivery Pipeline, Product Owners and Managers do what activity?

  • Negotiate Supplier contracts to ensure projected capacity requirements are met
  • Hypothesize on what would create value to their Customers
  • Ensure the architecture team has sufficient capacity
  • Prioritize the backlog

64. Which two aspects of the Continuous Delivery Pipeline require the most involvement from Product Managers?

  • Continuous Integration and Release on Demand
  • Continuous Exploration and Release on Demand
  • Continuous Exploration and Continuous Deployment
  • Continuous Integration and Continuous Deployment

65. What is a recommended time horizon of the Solution Roadmap?

  • 1 year
  • 2-4 years
  • 1-3 years
  • 2 or more years

66. Product Management has content authority for the Program Backlog including: the Vision, the Roadmap, driving the PI Objectives, and what else?

  • Accepting Stories and team increments
  • Managing risk, helping to ensure value delivery, and driving continuous improvement
  • Working with business stakeholders and Solution and System Architects to implement holistic technology across Value Streams
  • Establishing Features and benefit hypotheses

67. What are two examples of team-level events? (Choose two.)

  • Backlog refinement
  • System Demo
  • Scrum of scrums
  • Daily stand-up
  • Program Increment Planning

68. What is a benefit of capacity allocation?

  • It aligns Business Owners to the objectives
  • It ensures different types of backlog items are not compared against one another
  • It allocates developers and testers to an initiative
  • It assigns Architects to backlog items

69. What is included in the Inspect and Adapt agenda?

  • ROAMing risks
  • PI Objectives
  • Quantitative and qualitative measurement
  • Management review

70. Enabler Epics are used to advance what in order to support upcoming Business Epics?

  • Compliance
  • Value Stream(s)
  • The Architectural Runway
  • The Program Backlog

71. Epics are decomposed into what?

  • Stories
  • Features
  • Requirements
  • Enablers

72. What are two different types of Enabler Stories? (Choose two.)

  • Infrastructure
  • Impediment
  • Feature
  • Defects
  • Exploration

73. Which role is primarily responsible for working with business teams?

  • Release Train Engineer (RTE)
  • Product Owner (PO)
  • Product Management (PM)
  • Enterprise Architect

74. In the SAFe work item hierarchy, Features are decomposed into what?

  • Stories
  • Tasks
  • Capabilities
  • Spikes

75. Product Management works with which other role to define and maintain nonfunctional requirements?

  • Portfolio Managers
  • System and Solution Architect/Engineering
  • System Team
  • Lean UX

76. The goal is a fast delivery process, ideally requiring little manual effort. What is one capability used to achieve this?

  • Feature toggles
  • Nonfunctional requirements
  • Quiet releases
  • Soft launches

77. Which principle of the Agile Manifesto is most aligned with conducting a System Demo?

  • At regular intervals the team reflects on how to become more effective
  • The best way to convey information is a face-to-face conversation
  • Working software is the primary measure of progress
  • Welcome changing requirements, even late in development

78. What is enabled by the key components of the Continuous Delivery Pipeline?

  • End-to-end testing
  • Accelerated release of value
  • Predictable release cadence
  • Hyper-transparent measurements

79. Which Agile Team event supports relentless improvement?

  • Backlog refinement
  • Iteration Planning
  • Iteration Retrospective
  • Iteration Review

80. How do Product Owners contribute to the Vision?

  • By communicating emerging requirements and opportunities
  • By contributing to the portfolio canvas
  • By continuously exploring emerging markets
  • By establishing Strategic Themes

81. How do Business Owners quantify the value of PI Objectives?

  • By estimating return on investment
  • By totaling the Epic budget
  • By assigning Story points
  • By assigning business value

82. An Agile Release Train (ART) has implemented a completely automated Continuous Integration/Continuous Delivery (CI/CD) pipeline that can deploy code as it is checked into the source-code repository.

How might a Product Owner (PO) adjust team events to take advantage of this capability and promote the flow of value?

  • Release Stories that have been included in the team demo
  • Identify Stories that are cleared for automatic delivery during Iteration Planning
  • Implement Feature toggles to control which Stories are released
  • Review and accept Stories as they are completed

83. What is the relationship between a Product Owner (PO) and Product Management (PM)?

  • The PO and PM collaborate to determine the architectural runway, pricing, and licensing
  • The PO and PM spend equal amounts of time on roadmaps and backlogs
  • The PO is team-oriented; PM is market-oriented
  • The PO contributes to the Program Backlog, PM establishes Story acceptance criteria

84. A Product Manager is working for an insurance company and is responsible for the internal systems used for managing claims. This is an example of what kind of Value Stream?

  • Customer journey Value Stream
  • Development value Stream
  • Operational Value Stream
  • Claims processing Value Stream

85. When tracking team progress, what can a Kanban board show the team?

  • Where the team has too much work-in-process (WIP)
  • Which team member is behind in their work
  • A burndown chart of the work completed in the Iteration
  • How many defects the team is creating

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